created: 30-12-2012

Update: 2-01-2013




Reed Organs / Harmonium in Churches

Harmonium Benches





in alfabetical order

When a builder has multiple pages the link shows 'page' at the end of the link.


Aeolian page

Gilbert Bauer


Debain page

Estey Bratteboro Vermont page


Hesse, Carl




Lenter Orgelharmonium 2008

Lindholm page


Mason & Hamlin


New Era Organ

Afred Rinkowski Zeitz

Rodolphe & Debain page

Schiedmayer page

Smith American Organ Co.

Teck-Harmonium Fabrik

Peter Titz

Tombois Paris


Vermeulen Woerden















The research on Beatty was conducted by Christopher Shayne
All sources are from Christopher's collection.

Daniel Fisher Beatty


Beatty - His organs cause trouble


from: Gellerman's International Reed Organ Atlas:

Beatty & Plotts; Washington NJ.; Daniel F. Beatty and Ed Plotsts, proprietors. Predecessor of Beatty Organ Co.

Beatty Organ Co., office Broad Street & Washington Avenue, factory Railroad Avenue & Beatty Street, Washington NJ, later D.F. Beatty, established about 1879 by Daniel Fisher Beatty; bankrupt 1884;

Started again as D.F. Beatty Piano & Organ Co., 1884-1886;
began manufacturing in 1880, previously bought organs from Bridgeport Organ Co. and from Alleger & Bowlby.

Sold direct to consumers by mail order. Convicted of using the mails to defraud. Later sold a few organs made for him by Lawrence Organ Co. Easton, PA.

Serial numbers: 1881 - 85756


The 1878 Europe tour

Beatty made a trip to Europe, raoming through Ireland, England, France, Germany, Switzertaldn and Italy. And he is proud to tell the world:

And now dear reader, having accompanied me from the Blarney Stone of Old Ireland to Merry England, from La Belle France to the sunny climes of Italy, and from the crater's mouth viewed the terror of Vesuvius, or the ancient ruins of Pompeii, thence down the picturesque Rhine, through Germany, and passing over the Alps of Switzerland gazed with  me from the dizzy heights of hoary headed Mont Blanc, that like some grim sentry stands watch, century upon century, it is now time to remind my readers that, while hand in hand with me has ben enjoying, I trust, all the "sight seeing", I have on the other hand been busily engaged in project calculated to extend my business to such an extent that the Beatty celebrated Piano and Organ shall be a household word as familiar amid the remote fastness of the Alps or the romantic highlands of Scotland as it is in our own dear native land.
Whereever my footsteps have wandered, whether in the crowded and fashionable salons of England, France or Germany, I found my name and the fame of my instruments had preceded me.
It was no strange occurrence to find my Pianos among the elite of France, the nobility of Germany, or the ivy clad towers of ancient England, and, need I say, inspired with this prestige and renown, togheter with the confidence that my justly celebrated instruments have inspired among even the crowned heads of Europe, I determined more than ever to push their sale to their utmost capacity.

Already since my return have I began to feel the effect, already am I in receopt of orders, which hat it not been for the persistency with which I have pushed and introduced my instruments in continental Europe, some other enterprising foreign house might have reaped the benefit. My export trade has become extremely large.

One minor problem, of course, is that Daniel Fisher Beatty wrote the book in 1878 and starting building his instruments in 1880. Yet he wrote the embellished paragraph printed in bold above.

A catalog statement

In the 1882 catalog Beatty claims a number of details used in his reed organs. Amongst them are:

  • 27 stops - No dummies, al of Practical use. There are no Reed Organs made in this country, but when the stops are used wrong, some will give no sound, hence they are dummies. There are 14 perfect combinations on this organ, equal to 14 commom organs usually sold by agents combined, and the full effect cannot be produced with less than 27 stops, and not then, without my stop action (applied to my reedboard) which is fully covered by patents and con be used by no other manufacturer.


The Beethoven - 27 stops - Golden tongues


Stops that are dummies according to Beatty's definition are in red

  1. Cello 8 ft tone
  2. Melodia
  3. Clarabella
  4. Manual Sub-Bass 16 ft tone
  5. Bourdon 16 ft tone
  6. Saxaphone 8 ft tone
  7. Viol di Gamba 8 ft tone
  8. Diapason 8 ft tone
  9. Viola Dolce 4 ft tone
  10. Grand Expression 8 ft tone
  11. French Horn 8 ft tone
  12. Harp Aeolian
  13. Vox Humana, Tremulant
  14. Echo 8 ft tone
  15. Dulciana 8 ft tone
  16. Clarionet 8 ft tone
  17. Vox Celesta 8 ft tone
  18. Violina 4 ft tone
  19. Vox Jubilante 8 & 4 ft tone
  20. Picolo 2 ft tone
  21. Coupler Harmonique
  22. Orchestral Forte
  23. Grand Organ Knee stop
  24. Right Knee stop
  25. Automatic Valve stop
  26. Right Duplex Damper
  27. Left Duplex Damper

10 Full Sets

Stops that are dummies according to Beatty's definition are in red

There is no way to find in the 1882 catalog the actual composition of the reeds in use. I have never encountered a listing showing exactly what one stop does. The word whispered through times gone by, was that one stop would only activate ONE OCTAVE, and above this confusing method, also some stops are in fact combinations of 2 or 3 octaves/stops. Someone out there with this model should solve the mistery to the world.

My idea looks like this:



  1. 8 ft. (Cello, Saxaphone, Viol di Gamba)
  2. 8 ft. (Melodia, Diapason, Clarabella, French Horn)
  3. 16 ft (Bourdon, Sub-Bass)
  4. 4 ft. (Viola Dolce)
  5. 2 ft. (Harp Aeolian)


  1. 8 ft (Echo; Dulciana)
  2. 8 ft (Clarionet; Vox Celesta)
  3. 4 ft (Violine)
  4. 2 ft (Picolo)




Catalog info according to Gellerman's listing:


Beatty, ca 1880, 16 pp, 6x9" Location: RH

Beatty, Daniel F., Advertiser, newspaper format, 12 pp., 1880. Location: RG

Beatty, 1881, 50 pp, 6.75x8.75 Location: RH

Beatty, Daniel F. Ill. catalog of Beatty's world renowned organs and pianos. Latest prices. [Washington, NJ: Daniel F. Betty; 1881]. 16 mo., fld. col. pict. calendar. Location: LR

Beatty, Daniel F. Illustrated descriptive catalogue of Daniel F. Beatty's celebrated grand, square and upright piano fortes and golden tongue, church, hall, chapel, cabinet, or parlor organs. Washington, N.J.: Daniel F. Beatty; 1881. 48 p. OCLC record #6690796. Location: PA

Beatty, Daniel F. Beatty's Organs and Pianos, Latest Descriptive Catalogue (Pocket Edition) of Daniel F. Beatty's World Renowned Organs and Pianos. Washington, NJ: Daniel Beatty; 1881, 48 p., 12mo. Color lithographic wrappers. This is a profusely illustrated catalogue which includes a specially folded section filled with illustrations of organs. There are two pipe organs offered which are over 8 feet high. Included is a separate sales letter on the company's letterhead. A most extensive organ catalogue. Calendar at back. Romaine p. 243. Location: OL

Beatty, Daniel F., 5.5x9.5", 22 pp., folds in 3. 1881. Location: RG

Beatty, Famous 27 Stop etc., 1882, 16 pp, 6x9.25" Location: RH

Beatty, Beethoven Organs, 1882, 16 pp, 5.75x9.25" Location: RH

Beatty, Daniel F. [Catalogue], 1882 36 p.; ill.; 29 cm. Offered "the famous 27 stop Beethoven organ." Most pages devoted to testimonials. Location: WM

Beatty, Daniel F., 5.5x9.5", 22 pp., folds in 3. 1882. Location: RG

Beatty, flyer, 1883, 1p, 9.5x6" Location: RH

Beatty, 1883, 28 pp, 5.75x9.25 Location: RH

Beatty, Daniel F. Ill. catalog of Beatty's Beethoven Organs. [Washington, NJ: Daniel F. Beatty; 1883], 16 p., wrap. Location: LR

Beatty, Daniel. Daniel F. Beatty's Organs and Pianofortes. Washington, NJ: 1883-4, 26 p., 8vo. Illustrated with woodcuts showing the many different styles of organs made by the company. The "Directions for Use" describe the various sound combinations possible with the organs. Beatty was an early user of electric lights for night workers. Location: OL

Beatty, flyer, 1884, 4pp, 8x10.25 Location: RH

Beatty, Daniel F., 9.5x12" flyer, 1884, in envelope, with reply envelope. Location: RG

Beatty, The End of , 7x10" 6 pp., original reprint from the Musical Critic & Trade Review, 1884. Location: RG

Beatty, Quarterly, ca 1885, 4 pp, 15.5x22" Location: RH

Beatty, Daniel F., 11x16", newspaper format, 4 pp., 1889. Also 6 pp flyer, in envelope. Location: RG

Beatty, Daniel F., 5x8", 4 pp. Holiday Offers to Postmasters. Location: RG

Beatty organ photograph, 2.5x4", in folder, from Sao Paulo, Brazil. Location: RG

Beatty, Daniel F., 9x16" flyer. Location: RG

Beatty, Daniel F., 5.5x9.5", 70 pp. Includes Beatty's Tour in Europe and Life of Hon. D.F. Beatty. Location: RG

Beatty, Daniel F. Beatty's Beethoven Organs. Retail Price, only $125. Washington, NJ: Daniel F. Beatty; [n.d., 16 p.] Mainly testimonials, also includes illustrations of the factory. ML 155.B. Location: LC

Beatty, Daniel F., 7x10", 32 pp. Location: RG

Beatty, Daniel F., 6x9.5", 4 pp. Location: RG

Beatty, [Daniel F.] Beatty Organ Catalogue. [S.l.: s.n.; n.d., n.p.] Location: SI

Beatty, Daniel F., 8x10", 4 pp, in envelope, plus Directions for Use. Location: RG

Beatty, Daniel F., Location: CC

Beatty, Daniel F., Washington, NJ, USA. 32 pp. Location: CF



Beatty, 1878 'In Foreign Lands' (91 pages) (Europa tour)

also printed in:

Beatty, Daniel F., 5.5x9.5", 70 pp. Includes Beatty's Tour in Europe and Life of Hon. D.F. Beatty. Location: RG